They live in groups called packs, which vary in size between five and eight wolves. Compared to other subspecies of wolves, they have smaller ears, shorter legs, and smaller muzzles. Adult Arctic wolves weigh between 75 and 125 pounds. Arctic wolf populations are present in Alaska, Greenland, and Canada. Peary caribou, muskoxen, lemmings and Arctic hares are all food sources for Arctic wolves. One of the largest populations of these wolves is found in northern Alaska. White wolf of the North Thanks to its isolation, the arctic wolf is not threatened by hunting and habitat destruction like its southern relatives. A number of incidents involving aggressive wolves have occurred in Alert, Nunavut, where the wolves have lived in close proximity to the local weather station for decades and became habituated to humans. The Arctic is extremely cold, with frozen ground and lots of snow for the vast majority of the year. If a young wolf cub wanders out of the cave, it can be killed by a bear or another wolf. [17], The Arctic wolf is of the least concern when it comes to being endangered but it does face threats of endangerment. The Mystery of North America's Black Wolves, Animals Most Endangered by Global Warming, M.S., Applied Ecology, Indiana University Bloomington, B.S., Biology and Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 624 p. Laura Klappenbach, M.S., is a science writer specializing in ecology, biology, and wildlife. No. Arctic wolves give birth later on in the month of May and sometimes early June. Species lupus Life Span 13-15 years in the wild, 20 years in captivity Geographic Range This sub species of gray wolf occupies tundra and taiga in extreme northern Alaska and Canada. Arctic wolves are carnivorous hunters. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. These wolves live in incredibly cold climates, so they rarely encounter people. They live in these Arctic regions year-round. The only time at which the wolf migrates is during the wintertime when there is complete darkness for 24 hours. The most prominent difference between arctic wolves and other grey wolf subspecies is their all-white coat, which remains white throughout the year. These wolves live in areas where the temperatures can drop well below zero. Scientists believe that Arctic wolves were isolated in very cold habitats during the Ice Age. While some species of wolves do have some white coloring, this one is almost completely white. This subspecies is an incredibly hardy creature. The arctic wolf is actually a subspecies of the Gray Wolf. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. For other uses, see, Goldman, E. A. [22] Debate continues when seasonal and diet of young wolves is discussed. Their fur, however, is dense and long in comparison to other subspecies. The most prominent difference between arctic wolves and other grey wolf subspecies is their all-white coat, which remains white throughout the year. Classification of wolves. • These wolves travel in groups or packs of about six• They live about 7 years in the wild• They have a thick, white coat that’s insulated against very cold temperatures• Wolf pups are born with blue irises that change to a yellow/gold as they grow older. Join us to make change. Hundreds of years ago, something peculiar happened…  People started finding dragon teeth along the creeks and the shores of oceans. This was due to harmful weather conditions during the summers for four years. W… No other wolf in the world can offer the same coloring as the Arctic Wolf. The researchers found that wolves prey mainly on the muskoxen. Because the ground is permanently frozen, instead of digging dens, Arctic wolves seek the shelter of caves and rocky outcrops. In, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis,, "An account of the taxonomy of North American wolves from morphological and genetic analyses", Review of Proposed Rule Regarding Status of the Wolf Under the Endangered Species Act, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New land; four years in the Arctic regions, "Movements Of Wolves At The Northern Extreme Of The Species' Range, Including During Four Months Of Darkness", "Decline and Recovery of a High Arctic Wolf-Prey System", "Food Habits of Arctic Wolves in Greenland", "Annual Arctic Wolf Pack Size Related to Arctic Hare Numbers", "Wolf (Canis lupus) Predation of a Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Cub on the Sea Ice off Northwestern Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada", "Workers in rural Canada were amazed when these wild arctic wolves approached them at their work yard",, Articles with dead external links from May 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. Arctic wolves eat Arctic hares, caribou, lemmings and muskoxen. After mating, the female has a gestation period of 63 days and gives birth to 5 or 6 pups. In the frigid, harsh, frozen habitats of the Arctic Circle, very few humans penetrate the freezing conditions to study and see these creatures. Their primary target is the musk ox, but they also eat caribou and Arctic hares frequently as well. They mark their territory with urine. Are Arctic wolves carnivores, herbivores or omnivores? Humans have not domesticated Arctic wolves in any way. Washington, DC 20037. Arctic wolves are carnivores. They live in the Arctic regions of North America and Greenland. Arctic wolf is the common name of this mammal though it’s sometimes called a polar or white wolf. The Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus arctos) is a large North American canine featured in the Arctic Pack DLC for Planet Zoo. Generally, grown pups stay with the same pack for years.The average lifespan of male and female Arctic wolves is about 7 years in the wild and 20 years in captivity. The Arctic wolf (Canis lupus arctos) is a subspecies of the grey wolf that inhabits the Arctic regions of North America and Greenland. [1] It is a medium-sized subspecies, distinguished from the northwestern wolf by its smaller size, its whiter colouration, its narrower braincase,[2] and larger carnassials. The Gray Wolf, by contrast, has a much more southern range and specializes feeding on prey like deer, elk, and moose. The waterproof layer of fur helps this wolf to stay dry and maintain its body heat in subzero temperatures.Along with their insulated fur coats, Arctic wolves have paws with thick pads allowing them to walk on frozen ground. About 2,250 km (1,400 mi) south of the High Arctic, a wolf movement study took place in the wintertime in complete darkness, when the temperature was as low as −53 °C (−63 °F). Arctic wolves have not been subjected to the intense hunting and persecution that other grey wolf subspecies have.

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