maple of eastern and central America; five-lobed leaves turn scarlet and yellow in autumn. In 1534, Jacques Cartier planted a cross in Gaspé bearing the French royal coat of arms with the fleurs-de-lis. [20][30][36], By the 1960s, debate for an official Canadian flag intensified and became a subject of controversy, culminating in the Great Flag Debate of 1964. The word is said to have two meanings, both of them appropriate for the description of this wonderful tree: "baby's hands" and " becomes crimson leaves." [20], Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, proclaimed the new flag on January 28, 1965,[20] and it was inaugurated on February 15 of the same year at an official ceremony held on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, in the presence of Governor General Major-General Georges Vanier, the Prime Minister, other members of the Cabinet, and Canadian parliamentarians. [13] It was first used as a national symbol in 1868 when it appeared on the coat of arms of both Ontario and Quebec. As of March 2019, the program has a waiting list of over 100 years for both Peace Tower flags, which are 2.3 by 4.6 metres (7.5 by 15 ft) in size, and for flags from the other four locations (one on each side of Centre Block and one each over East and West Blocks), which are 1.4 by 2.7 metres (4.5 by 9 ft). I guess her grandparents got a tree for one of their wedding gifts and it was a Japanese Maple so wherever they moved to they would dig up the tree and take it with them. The width of the Maple Leaf flag is twice the height. [31], A new all-party committee was formed in September 1964, comprising seven Liberals, five Conservatives, one New Democrat, one Social Crediter, and one Socreter, with Herman Batten as chairman, while John Matheson acted as Pearson's right-hand man. For other Canadian flags, see, Flags used in Canada from 1497 to the present, Mackey, Eva. Do you know the meaning of a Japanese Maple? The Great Seal of Canada was embossed and secured by a silk ribbon. [52], As a symbol of the nation's membership in the Commonwealth of Nations, the Royal Union Flag is an official Canadian flag and is flown on certain occasions. "[50] A commemorative stamp and coin were issued by Canada Post and the Royal Canadian Mint, respectively. The first Canadian flag was that then used as the flag of the Governor General of Canada, a Union Flag with a shield in the centre bearing the quartered arms of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves. [18] The maple leaf would eventually adorn the tombstones of Canadian military graves. I saw the some part of trunk look dry and bottom of the trunk got brown looks like a burned out. [47] Maurice Bourget, Speaker of the Senate, said: "The flag is the symbol of the nation's unity, for it, beyond any doubt, represents all the citizens of Canada without distinction of race, language, belief, or opinion. The national flag always precedes the Royal Union Flag, with the former occupying the place of honour. Note the inclusion of all the provincial emblems. The main opponent to changing the flag was the leader of the opposition and former prime minister, John Diefenbaker, who eventually made the subject a personal crusade. When flying the flag, it must be flown using its own pole and must not be inferior to other flags, save for, in descending order, the Queen's standard, the governor general's standard, any of the personal standards of members of the Canadian Royal Family, or flags of the lieutenant governors. As new provinces joined the Confederation, their arms were added to the shield. To increase awareness of the new flag, the Parliamentary Flag Program was set up in December 1972, by the Cabinet and, beginning in 1973,[60] allowed members of the House of Commons to distribute flags and lapel pins in the shape of the Canadian flag to their constituents. In 1892, the British admiralty approved the use of the Red Ensign for Canadian use at sea. The guidelines deal with the order of precedence in which the Canadian flag is placed, where the flag can be used, how it is used, and what people should do to honour the flag. He had been a significant broker during the Suez Crisis of 1956, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. I used some of the leaves as part of a bouquet that I made for our 30th Wedding Anniversary celebration, along with other flowers from my garden. The Liberals, though, all voted for the same, giving a unanimous, 14 to 0 vote[31] for the option created by George Stanley and inspired by the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) in Kingston, Ontario. In heraldic terminology, the flag's blazon as outlined on the original royal proclamation is "gules on a Canadian pale argent a maple leaf of the first". [52], This parchment was signed discreetly by the calligrapher, but was made official by the signatures of Queen Elizabeth II, Prime Minister Lester Pearson, and Attorney General Guy Favreau. Despite the failure of the committee to solve the issue, public sentiment in the 1920s was in favour of fixing the flag problem for Canada. Believing the Liberal members would vote for the Prime Minister's preference, the Conservatives voted for the single leaf design. [32] New designs were proposed in 1927,[33] 1931,[34] and 1939. [17] During the First World War and Second World War, badges of the Canadian Forces were often based on a maple leaf design. Ken Reynolds, “Royal Union Flag (Union Jack)”, "The National Flag of Canada: Colours Specification", "Description of the Proclamation by Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second which formalized the National Flag of Canada in 1965", "Registration of the National Flag of Canada", "Understanding the Cemeteries and Monuments", "National Flag of Canada Manufacturing Standards Act",, "Proposed Flag for Canada: Anatole Vanier, 1927", "Proposed Flag for Canada: Gérard Gallienne, 1931", "Flag designer recalls how he came up with the Maple Leaf design", "George F.G. Stanley's Flag Memorandum to John Matheson, 23 March 1964 (includes Dr. Stanley's original sketches for the Canadian Flag)", "The National Flag of Canada; A symbol of Canadian Identity", "Canada's flag debate flaps on, 50 years later", "The real story behind the Canadian Flag", "Governor General to Celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the National Flag of Canada", "Message from Her Majesty The Queen on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the National Flag of Canada", "Conserving the Proclamation of the Canadian Flag", "Dallaire slams decision to fly Red Ensign", "Flag and emblems of Québec, An Act respecting the, R.S.Q. Get unrestricted access to all the English-Learning Units! [31] A steering committee also considered about 2,000 suggestions from the public, in addition to 3,900 others that included, according to Library and Archives Canada, "those that had accumulated in the Department of the Secretary of State and those from a parliamentary flag committee of 1945–1946".

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