An expansive view of the Columbian Exposition’s Agricultural Hall, water, and walkways. Joint Committee on Ceremonies, Lederer, F. (1972). Examples of exposition souvenirs can be found in various American museum collections. (Standard Restriction). Although denied a spot at the fair, Buffalo Bill Cody decided to come to Chicago anyway, setting up his Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show just outside the edge of the exposition. More than 150,000 people passed through the grounds each day during its six-month run, making i… The Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World’s Fair, was located in Jackson Park, at the current site of the Museum of Science and Industry and the Midway Plaisance. This book, published anonymously the year before the Columbian Exposition, offers visitors a guide to the city’s amusements. This was the first commercial railroad in the United States to evolve into a common carrier without an intervening closure. Updates? Chicago's Greatest Year – 1893 by Joseph Gustaitis pages 210–213. Sousa's band was barely a year old at the time, and his exposure at the fair brought his music to hundreds of thousands, if not millions. [38], Four United States territories also had pavilions located in one building: Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Utah. [6], Many prominent civic, professional, and commercial leaders from around the United States participated in the financing, coordination, and management of the Fair, including Chicago shoe company owner Charles H. Schwab,[7] Chicago railroad and manufacturing magnate John Whitfield Bunn, and Connecticut banking, insurance, and iron products magnate Milo Barnum Richardson, among many others.[8][9]. The fair continued until October 30, 1893. The White City stood for less than six months. Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary: Spanish-English/English-Spanish. World’s Columbian Exposition, fair held in 1893 in Chicago, Illinois, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s voyage to America. [98], The Woman's Building included a Woman's Building Library Exhibit, which had 7,000 books — all by women. The main altar at St. John Cantius in Chicago, as well as its matching two side altars, are reputed to be from the Columbian Exposition. The White City later inspired the reference to "alabaster cities" in her poem and lyrics "America the Beautiful". How will beautifying the city affect the people in the city? [2] The centerpiece of the Fair, held in Jackson Park, was a large water pool representing the voyage Columbus took to the New World. A Baldwin 2-4-2 locomotive was showcased at the exposition, and subsequently the 2-4-2 type was known as the Columbia. What kinds of activities are represented in the illustration? The fair included life-size reproductions of Christopher Columbus' three ships, the Niña (real name Santa Clara), the Pinta, and the Santa María. Levy, John M. (2009) Contemporary Urban Planning. In addition to recognizing the 400th anniversary of the discovery of the New World by Europeans, the fair also served to show the world that Chicago had risen from the ashes of the Great Chicago Fire, which had destroyed much of the city in 1871. [60] Serial killer H. H. Holmes attended the fair with two of his eventual victims, Annie and Minnie Williams. The Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building, seen from the southwest. [10], The Exposition's offices set up shop in the upper floors of the Rand McNally Building on Adams Street, the world's first all-steel-framed skyscraper. For the Midway’s ethnographic exhibits, groups of people from around the world—Indonesia, West Africa, Germany—were brought to Chicago to be put on display in buildings designed to recreate their “native” villages. Examine the engraved “bird’s-eye view” of the exposition. He shipped his purchases to Wamego. The influence of the White City also extended to downtown, where the Art Institute of Chicago was built for the 1893 fair. Jimmy Corrigan, the Smartest Kid on Earth, "Bird's-Eye View of the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893", "World's Columbian Exposition: The Official Fair--A History", "World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 comes alive on computer screens", "The World's Columbian Exposition (1893)", "What is the origin of the song "There's a place in France/Where the naked ladies dance?" Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin. What was the exposition’s legacy for Chicago? It was built in Norway and sailed across the Atlantic by 12 men, led by Captain Magnus Andersen. What do the buildings and their layout tell us about what the exposition planners wanted to showcase? Memorabilia saved by visitors can still be purchased. Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item. Horticultural Building, with Illinois Building in the background. These products included Juicy Fruit Gum, Cream of Wheat, and Pabst Blue Ribbon beer, among many others. Several musical features of the Columbian Exposition were repeated at subsequent fairs, including many of the ethnic villages, organ recitals on new state-of-the art instruments, band concerts and the Welsh eisteddfod. Harris, N. (1993). Sound Recording (Form). How does the text describe Chicago as a physical location? When the World's Columbian Exposition opened, only 22 years had passed since the Chicago Fire of 1871; only 28 years had passed since the end of the American Civil War.

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