The dried stigmas (thread-like parts of the flower) are used to make saffron spice. Carmona, M., Zalacain, A., Pardo, J. E., Lopez, E., Alvarruiz, A., and Alonso, G. L. Influence of different drying and aging conditions on saffron constituents. [9][10][11] Saffron crocus slowly propagated throughout much of Eurasia and was later brought to parts of North Africa, North America, and Oceania. Autumn Crocus, Azafrán, Azafron, Croci Stigma, Crocus Cultivé, Crocus sativus, Indian Saffron, Kashmira, Kesar, Kumkuma, Saffron Crocus, Safran, Safran Cultivé, Safran Espagnol, Safran des Indes, Safran Véritable, Spanish Saffron, True Saffron, Zafran. View abstract. Pak.J Biol.Sci. Phytomedicine. "[90], The Minoans portrayed saffron in their palace frescoes by 1600–1500 BC; they hint at its possible use as a therapeutic drug. [106] Similarly, the spread of Islamic civilisation may have helped reintroduce the crop to Spain and Italy. [43] Chemists find this is the most powerful contributor to saffron's fragrance, despite its presence in a lesser quantity than safranal. View abstract. [22], The plant sprouts 5–11 white and non-photosynthetic leaves known as cataphylls. Effects of Crocus sativus petals' extract on rat blood pressure and on responses induced by electrical field stimulation in the rat isolated vas deferens and guinea-pig ileum. Antiabsence effects of safranal in acute experimental seizure models: EEG and autoradiography. Mazidi M, Shemshian M, Mousavi SH, Norouzy A, Kermani T, Moghiman T, Sadeghi A, Mokhber N, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Ferns GA. A double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial of Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) in the treatment of anxiety and depression. But taking saffron doesn't seem to prevent the increase in blood cholesterol. Agha-Hosseini M, Kashani L, Aleyaseen A, et al. View abstract. Similar was the case in Kashmir where imported Iranian saffron is mixed with local saffron and sold as "Kashmir brand" at a higher price. View abstract. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? 2015 Mar;25(2):105-12. Kubo I, Kinst-Hori I. Flavonols from saffron flower: tyrosinase inhibitory activity and inhibition mechanism. Milajerdi A, Jazayeri S, Shirzadi E, et al. Schmidt, M., Betti, G., and Hensel, A. Saffron in phytotherapy: pharmacology and clinical uses. 1994;17(2):217-221. They depend on human assistance to be divided and replanted. View abstract. Hydro-alcoholic extract of Crocus sativus L. versus fluoxetine in the treatment of mild to moderate depression: a double-blind, randomized pilot trial. 2004;4(4):27-42. C. sativus cataphylls are suspected by some to manifest prior to blooming when the plant is irrigated relatively early in the growing season. It probably descends from the eastern Mediterranean autumn-flowering Crocus cartwrightianus which is also known as "wild saffron"[9] and originated in Crete or Central Asia. The spice is reportedly counterfeited with horse hair, corn silk, or shredded paper. 1990;22(1):103-110. View abstract. Effects of a Topical Saffron (Crocus sativus L) Gel on Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetics: A Randomized, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs (China) 1999;30:196-198. [8][21] As a genetically monomorphic clone,[20] it slowly propagated throughout much of Eurasia. Saffron's colouring strength can range from lower than 80 (for all category IV saffron) up to 200 or greater (for category I).

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