Despite its many particularly American attributes, including a wizard from Omaha, [the 1939 film adaptation] has universal appeal...[120] Because of its many television showings between 1956 and 1974, it has been seen by more viewers than any other movie”. The good witch Glinda decides to turn Toto into a real protector that can fight off large predators. I … Besserer is most likely Momba, and Greenwood likely to be Aunt Em. With a darker story, it fared poorly with critics unfamiliar with the Oz books and was not successful at the box office, although it has since become a popular cult film, with many considering it a more loyal and faithful adaptation of what L. Frank Baum envisioned.[113][114]. He also hired Noel Langley and poet Ogden Nash to write separate versions of the story. The character Imogene the Cow did not appear in the novel. A spoiled, selfish princess in Oz had outlawed all forms of music except classical and operetta and challenged Dorothy to a singing contest, in which her swing style enchanted listeners and won the grand prize. Along with thise already mentioned, others who contributed to the adaptation without credit include Irving Brecher, Herbert Fields, Arthur Freed, Yip Harburg, Samuel Hoffenstein, Jack Mintz, Sid Silvers, Richard Thorpe, George Cukor and King Vidor.[16]. These releases include an edited English version (roughly 10 minutes, and roughly 20 minutes), as well as edited Spanish versions. The song ranks first in the AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs and the Recording Industry Association of America's "365 Songs of the Century". Meinhardt Raabe, who played the coroner, revealed in the 1990 documentary The Making of the Wizard of Oz that the MGM costume and wardrobe department, under the direction of designer Adrian, had to design over 100 costumes for the Munchkin sequences. Unfollow the wizard of oz movie original … As director, Fleming chose not to shift the film from Cukor's creative realignment, as producer LeRoy had already expressed his satisfaction with the film's new course. The first DVD release was on March 26, 1997, by MGM/Turner. [75] It was for this release that the film received a G rating from the MPAA. [37][38] It took an hour each day to slowly peel Bolger's glued-on mask from his face, a process that eventually left permanent lines around his mouth and chin. We are not told the Tin Woodman's rather gruesome backstory in the film. On her journey, Dorothy meets the Scarecrow, who wants a brain; the Tin Woodman, who seeks a heart; and the Cowardly Lion, who desires courage. [86], Not all reviews were positive. Reshoots and pick-up shots were done through April and May and into June, under the direction of producer LeRoy. Bert Lahr was signed for the Cowardly Lion on July 25, 1938, and Charles Grapewin was cast as Uncle Henry on August 12. Each frame was to be hand-tinted to maintain the sepia tone. Outtakes, the deleted "Jitterbug" musical number, clips of pre-1939 Oz adaptations, trailers, newsreels, and a portrait gallery were also included, as well as two radio programs of the era publicizing the film. [80], The film was re-released on January 11 and 14, 2015, as part of the "TCM Presents" series by Turner Classic Movies. "[88] Still, the film placed seventh on Film Daily's year-end nationwide poll of 542 critics naming the best films of 1939. [1], The credits to this film are lost, and the identity of the director and actors are disputed. As Dorothy pursues Toto, the balloon departs with the Wizard. According to legend, Morgan later discovered a label in the coat indicating it had once belonged to Baum, that Baum's widow confirmed this, and that the coat was eventually presented to her. But nevertheless, he put his influence on the thing.[20]. He also wrote that after the film's success, Garland signed a new contract with MGM giving her a substantial increase in salary, making her one of the top ten box office stars in the United States.[96]. After the preview in San Luis Obispo in early July, the film was officially released in August 1939 at its current 101-minute running time. The Wizard of Oz (1939) Original Trailer - Judy Garland Movie Toto escapes and leads her three friends to the castle. Bolger's original recording of "If I Only Had a Brain" was far more sedate than the version in the film. [79], In 2013, in preparation for its IMAX 3D release, the film was submitted to the MPAA for re-classification. In a later interview (included on the 2005 DVD release of The Wizard of Oz), he recalled that the studio heads appreciated the seriousness of his illness only after he was hospitalized. and dissolved to a huge celebration by the citizens of the Emerald City, who sang the song as they accompanied Dorothy and her friends to the Wizard. The Wizard of Oz is famous for its musical selections and soundtrack. Adrian, MGM's chief costume designer, was responsible for the final design. "[83], Writing in Variety, John C. Flinn predicted that the film was "likely to perform some record-breaking feats of box-office magic," noting, "Some of the scenic passages are so beautiful in design and composition as to stir audiences by their sheer unfoldment." [17] Mervyn LeRoy's assistant, William H. Cannon, had submitted a brief four-page outline. by Michelle Bernier (Createspace, 2010), Green, Stanley (1999) Hollywood Musicals Year by Year (2nd ed. However, it was abandoned because it was too expensive and labor-intensive, and MGM used a simpler, less-expensive technique: During the May reshoots, the inside of the farmhouse was painted sepia, and when Dorothy opens the door, it is not Garland, but her stand-in, Bobbie Koshay, wearing a sepia gingham dress, who then backs out of frame. This started with the Witch's guard saying "Hail to Dorothy! Dorothy's adventures in the book last much longer and take her and her friends to more places in Oz, where they meet interesting characters. However, its high production cost, plus the costs of marketing, distribution, and other services, resulted in a loss of $1,145,000 for the studio. [17] His vision was similar to Larry Semon's 1925 film adaptation of the story in which the magical elements are absent. A significant innovation planned for the film was the use of stencil printing for the transition to Technicolor. He can be heard in the group vocals of "We're Off to See the Wizard". As they make their way to the Witch's castle, the Witch captures Dorothy and plots to kill her, as she cannot remove the slippers otherwise. To keep down on production costs, Haley only rerecorded "If I Only Had a Heart" and solo lines during "If I Only Had the Nerve" and the scrapped song "The Jitterbug"; as such, Ebsen's voice can still be heard in the remaining songs featuring the Tin Man in group vocals. ; The Making of the Wizard of Oz . The film premiered at the Orpheum Theatre in Green Bay, Wisconsin on August 10, 1939. [123] Dorothy actually wore Silver Shoes in the book series, but the color was changed to ruby to take advantage of the new Technicolor process. [81], The film was re-released by Fathom Events on January 27, 29, 30, 2019 and February 3 and 5, 2019 as part of its 80th anniversary. [10][11] It is also one of the few films on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice produced a stage musical by the same name, which opened in 2011 at the West End's London Palladium. [12] It was among the top ten in the 2005 BFI (British Film Institute) list of "50 films to be seen by the age of 14", and is on the BFI's updated list of "50 films to be seen by the age of 15" released in May 2020.[13]. It was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but lost to Gone with the Wind, also directed by Fleming. They have become friends with the Wizard, and together with the woodman, the cowardly lion, and several new creations equally delightful, they journey through Oz -- the earthquake -- and into the glass city. Surprisingly, the 3D version received a PG rating for "Some scary moments", although no change was made to the film's original story content. LeRoy and Fleming knew they needed to cut at least 15 minutes to get the film down to a manageable running time. There is no definitive proof who is in the cast, or who directed the film. This plot idea was never totally dropped, but is especially noticeable in the final script when Dorothy, just before she is to leave Oz, tells the Scarecrow, "I think I'll miss you most of all. Toto bites neighbor Miss Almira Gulch on the leg, leading her to obtain a sheriff's order to have him euthanized. Its critical consensus reads, "An absolute masterpiece whose groundbreaking visuals and deft storytelling are still every bit as resonant, The Wizard of Oz is a must-see film for young and old. Several actresses were reportedly considered for the part of Dorothy, including Shirley Temple, at the time, the most prominent child star; Deanna Durbin, a relative newcomer, with a recognised operatic voice; and Judy Garland, the most experienced of the three. The film was released on the CED format once, in 1982, by MGM/UA Home Video. He gets lyrics by E. Y. Harburg, you see. Its songs were composed by Harold Arlen, with lyrics by Yip Harburg. In 2002, the film had a very limited re-release in U.S. theaters, earning only $139,905. But he doesn't get credit for that. [16][17] The opening and closing credits, and the Kansas sequences, were filmed in black and white and colored in a sepia-tone process. Most of the cast worked six days a week and had to arrive as early as 4 a.m. to be fitted with makeup and costumes, and often did not leave until 7 pm or later. 99. [by whom?]. [61][62] All current home video releases are by Warner Home Video (via current rights holder Turner Entertainment). This film is preserved by George Eastman House, has a running time of 13 minutes and an added piano score adapted from Paul Tietjens's music from the 1902 stage play and performed by Martin Marks. Instead, another contract player, Frank Morgan, was cast on September 22. It was partly based on the 1902 stage musical The Wizard of Oz, though much of the film deals … Long thought to be culled from footage from The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (a feature length stage and film show created and presented by Baum in 1908), this was proven not to be the case when the film was recovered. The Wizard of Oz (1939) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Gillespie used muslin cloth to make the tornado flexible after a previous attempt with rubber failed. The Wizard of Oz received widespread acclaim upon its release. [111], In 1985, Walt Disney Productions released the live-action fantasy film Return to Oz, starring Fairuza Balk in her film debut as a young Dorothy Gale[112] and based on The Marvelous Land of Oz (1904) and Ozma of Oz (1907). [16] Sepia-tone film was also used in the scene where Aunt Em appears in the Wicked Witch's crystal ball. -- The Dangerous Mangaboos. The footage of Blandick's Aunt Em, as shot by Vidor, had already been set aside for rear-projection work, and was reused. On October 25, 1980, the film was released on videocassette (in both VHS and Betamax format) by MGM/CBS Home Video. [1], The travelers continue onward and find the Tin Woodsman. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1910 American silent fantasy film and the earliest surviving film version of L. Frank Baum's 1900 novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, made by the Selig Polyscope Company without Baum's direct input. So, I went to the library of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in Hollywood to do some typographic research about this idea. 4, "There's no place like home." One of the films in the 3-disc boxed DVD set called More Treasures from American Film Archives (2004), compiled by the National Film Preservation Foundation from 5 American film archives. In 1939, the average movie ran for about 90 minutes. The production faced the challenge of creating the Tin Man's costume.

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